Dan J_ Lloyd, Mail Carrier (1910) Oak Hill 

Chely Williams

Looking at the former B & O tracks in Oak Hill

photo by Tyrone Hemry 13 July 2016

The Faulkner House (Hotel) in Oak Hill, Ohio

Dr. Raymond Boothe Collection

Oak Hill, Ohio Post Office Employees

Lisa J Parker collection

Bad guy from Oak Hill Charles MeKinney

23 Nov 1916 Chillicothe-News Advertiser

The B & O railroad tracks and some businesses back in the day  

Mark Howel collection

A 1926 photo of the lobby of the Hotel Edwards in Oak Hill, Ohio in Jackson Co. with Rees N. Edwards behind the counter. The Edwards Hotel stood on the corner of Main & Gallia St.,  The Wash Room is seen at the right background and a handy spittoon is on the floor by the desk.  This was across the street from the Liberty Theater. Rees N. Edwards was the father of the famed Edwards Sisters singers.

photo owned by Charles Crabtree

The former Liberty movie theater on Main Street

 photo by Tyrone Hemry 3 February 2016

Oak Hill, Jenkins Hardware and Furniture

Shirley Johnson collection

Front Street Oak Hill 1947

Bill Edwards's photo

This is the building shown in the above picture from the east side as of August 2014

photo by Tyrone Hemry

This is the building shown in the above picture as of August 2014

note former B & O tracks in foreground

photo by Tyrone Hemry

Railroads in Oak Hill

Oak Hill Main street

Oak Hill, Ohio Pictures and Information 

Merry Christmas from Oak Hill about 1909

Main Street in Oak Hill, Ohio

Front Street looking at the south side of Oak Hill, Ohio in Jackson Co. with the Aetna Fire Brick Co. on right in 1947

Mark Howell collection

J. Edward Jones (1812-1903) First mayor of Oak Hill

Chely Williams collection

Showing the Thomas block in Oak Hill, Ohio

West Water Street, Oak Hill, Ohio

Golden Rule store Oak Hill 1902 Walter Davis owner 

Chely Williams collection

Crabtree's Gas Station 1950's State Route 140, Jefferson Twp. Oak Hill

Linda Crabtree-Hoff collection

Bob Pastor's Home Department Store and Jiggy Jones' Restaurant at Oak Hill, Ohio back in the day

Mark Howell collection

Annual Clean-up Day on Main Street (1904) Oak Hill 

Chely Williams collection

Looking at East Main Street from College Hill, Oak Hill, Ohio

Oak Hill North Side of Main Street about 1910 Note Rail Road Crossing sign bottom left in picture.

Oak Hill north side of Main st about 1909

Thomas residence in Oak Hill, Ohio

     First Train to Oak Hill was on the Scioto and Hocking Valley Railroad, a "broad gauge" line, arrived from Portsmouth (35 miles away) 2 June 1853 pulled by an engine named The Bloomfield. The Bloomfield pulled passenger cars consisting of stage coach bodies mounted on railroad wheels. By August 1853 the line was completed to Jackson Court House. In 1856 the rails line was completed from Jackson to Hamden where it connected with the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad that later became the mainline route running east to west. This made a total of 54 miles from Portsmouth to Hamden. In 1863 the S & H V Railroad was purchased by the Portsmouth and Newark Railroad. Shortly later on the 20th of January 1864 the Marietta & Cincinnati Railroad bought the line. January 1, 1883 the M & C RR sold to the Cincinnati, Washington and Baltimore bought the line. In turn the line was purchased in 1889 by the Baltimore and Ohio South Western Railroad Company that later became the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company.

     The first mail service on the Scioto and Hocking Valley Railroad started in 1856 and continued till around 1946. With the loss of the mail contract, passenger service became impractical and was discontinued December 27, 1946. Shortly after freight service was discontinued south of Oak Hill and the track removed from Portsmouth up through Efiort. At one time 8 passenger trains per day ran in and out of Oak Hill but by 1946 it was down to 2 per day.

     The first major train wreck near Oak Hill occurred December 8, 1856 between Jackson and Oak Hill. The passenger train pulled by the Vinton hit a flock of sheep causing the engine and tender to do a somersault down a steep embankment killing the fireman, baggage man and 39 sheep. Several passengers were also injured.

     Coal mining got started just after the Scioto and Hocking Valley Railroad was completed from Portsmouth in 1853. Rambo Coal Bank north of town in 1854. P. Powell and Company was a mine at McNeats Switch in 1856. Coal's importance really took a jump as fuel with the start of the brick plants in 1873.

     The opening of the Scioto and Hocking Valley Railroad through Oak Hill in 1853 opened the way for a boom in iron furnace building. Six were built between 1853 and 1855 within a few miles of Oak Hill, including Washington at Blackfork, Jefferson at Mt. Horeb, Cambria near Kitchen, Monroe near Monroe, Madison near Pyro and Limestone at Limestone. The first mail service on the Scioto and Hocking Valley Railroad started in 1856 and continued till around 1946.

     During Civil War days camp Wood a Civil War supply base was located near by, because the nearest rail point was located here. It was the wide gauge Scioto & Hocking Valley Railroad running from Portsmouth. From Oak Hill goods were hauled by wagons to the Civil War camp at Gallipolis and the Kanawha Valley operation.

     The Dayton and Southern Railroad completed a narrow gauge line from Wellston to Dean Junction near Ironton in 1881. The line ran to the east of Oak Hill. This provided rail service to Rempel, McKitterick, Kitchen, Gallia, Peniel, Hoadley, and Olive. The track was later changed to standard gauge around 1887 and operated under several names. In 1895 it became part of the C H & D Railroad. The 1913 Flood brought an end to the rail line along with the mines along the route were closing. So when the B&O got it, the trackage had deteriorated and rock slides were a constant problem in the two tunnel cuts. So the B & O closed the line and in 1915 the rails were taken up. The road bed has since become Rt. 233.

     Detroit Southern Railroad (D T & I) obtained trackage right from the B & O in 1903 allowing it to operate trains from Jackson through Oak Hill to Bloom Junction back to the line it had built. The railroad could not provide local freight service for Oak Hill but it's fancy passenger trains stopped at Oak Hill daily. The last run for passenger service was 18 September 1932. The Jefferson Furnace interest promoted the railroad line from Portsmouth but opposed the extension of the Iron Railroad from Ironton but the Detroit Southern Railroad later became D T & I and did go to Ironton.

Banks in Oak Hill

    The first bank was Farmers Bank organized in 1891 by Edward Jones, David Wynne, John C. Jones, Elias Morgan, and others. Oak Hill residents did not have transportation to Jackson so the Farmer’s Bank offered a convenient banking service to the residents and businesses of Oak Hill and the Farmer’s Bank became a thriving institution.

    October 29, 1902 the Oak Hill Savings Bank Company was incorporated by J. Edward Jones, David D. Davis, George D. Shelby, Simon Labold, and James W. Bannon. In 1913 the Oak Hill Savings Bank constructed a new building that was later occupied by the Jenkins Pharmacy. In 1962 the Oak Hill Savings Bank built a modern building located on Front Street.  November 30, 2007 – WesBanco consummated the merger of Oak Hill Financial, Inc. and its affiliate, Oak Hill Banks, Jackson, Ohio. 

      The third bank was a branch of a Jackson bank incorporated as the Citizens Saving and Trust Company July 3, 1905 by Breman Thomas, David Armstrong, John E. Jones, David C. Perry, and Evan O. Roberts. In 1921 the name was changed to The Citizens Bank. The depression in 1931 forced the closure of this bank.  

Evan C Jones delivery wagon

Note sign above door says Oak Hill Savings Bank

photo by Tyrone Hemry 3 February 2016

David Delaney's filling station at Oak Hill, Ohio in Jackson Co. in 1947. Shown are David Delaney, Melvin Boggs, Cecil Corvin, Roscoe Kearns, and E. J. Davis. 

Mark Howell collection

The Oak Hill War Memorial that was in the vacant lot between the Jones-Morgan Hardware Company and the Smith Flower Shop building at Oak Hill

Mark Howell collection

D. D. Davis home in Oak Hill, Ohio

Chely Williams collection 

Report to have closed as an IGA in 1994 according to Charles Crabtree

Johanna Edwards Crabtree reports It was run by the Green's originally as Gateway Supermarket

photo by Tyrone Hemry 13 July 2016

A 1947 photo looking west on Main Street at Oak Hill, Ohio in Jackson Co.  

Mark Howell collection

The Marathon gas station and Pastor's Home Depot Store at Oak Hill, by the RR tracks

Mark Howell collection

 Hotel Edwards in Oak Hill, Ohio to the right of the Davis House.

picture by Shirley Johnson

Crabtree's Gas Station 1950's by old rest area on 140 next to the site of the former Jefferson Lewis School  

Linda Crabtree-Hoff collection

Laying track near Oak Hill

Showing picture of the Oak Hill hospital from 1950 to 2000

Links:

http://www.oakhillchamber.org/

http://www.oakhillvillage.net/

http://www.oakhillpolice.org/

http://www.oakhill.k12.oh.us/


Please email additions or corrections to hladvertising@hotmail.com.

Or mail to Waverly City Guide, 455 Hay Hollow Road, Chillicothe, Ohio 45601

     First white man to settle in the area was Peter Seal in 1814. He settled near Bethel Church. He paid the first tax in Jefferson Twp. of 75 cents.

    Oak Hill was established by Julius A. Bingham, a New Yorker, to compete with the county seat of Jackson. In 1832 he started a small country store at the crossroads of a township road to Gallipolis and the Indian Trail called Guyan Trace. He laid out a village site on the hill surrounding his store.

     First post office in Oak Hill was established 11 March 1837 with Levi Massie was the first postmaster. This was the second post office in Jackson County. The first was at Salt Lick near Jackson started 1 October 1817. The third Post Office was at Berlin x Roads 28 June 1850 With Levi Salsman postmaster. The first post office in Oak Hill was located across from the Jones-Morgan hardware building. At that time the actual settlement of Oak Hill and Lewisburg was at the east side of the present Oak Hill. A mail rider left Jackson early Friday morning at day break on the Guyandotte Trail arriving in Oak Hill about 10 a.m. on the way to Guyandotte, VA. Now known as Huntington, West Virginia and on the return trip arrived about 3 Sunday afternoon.

     On September 6, 1864 the great stagecoach mail robbery took place. When the number 3 mail train reached Oak Hill the mail was moved to the stage coach for the journey to Gallipolis. On arrival in Gallipolis the $15,000 in gold coins was missing. The stage coach driver blamed it on suspicious characters he saw hanging around the train station. Later investigation turned up the stage coach driver as the thief.

Civil War Years

    In the Early days at Oak Hill, under questionable circumstance, 1862 found the 11,000 man Union Army under the command of General George W. Morgan retreating from Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. In a 17 day march to camp Wood near Oak Hill. Chased much of the way by a 600 man Rebel Calvary under the command of John Morgan. By October 7 when they arrived they were poorly fed and clothed. The Welsh Log church at Moriah was turned into a hospital.

     The Morgan Raiders camped in the area of Bingham Street in Oak Hill. One of the men died and was buried in the Moriah cemetery.

     GAR Post, George W. Johnson Post # 613 Oak Hill, OH, was chartered October 1886. Named for Jackson enlistee Sgt G. W. Johnson who served in Co H 117th Ohio Volunteer Infantry which became Battery H 1st Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery. Sgt Johnson died at Cross Roads, Jackson county May 29, 1886.

      GAR Luther Post 664 --- Oak Hill

Untitled

Train north bound for Jackson

The Liberty movie theater at Oak Hill was run by Henry Thomas; it was open from 1920 until 1960.

photo owned by Charles Crabtree

Front Street looking at the south side of Oak Hill, Ohio in Jackson Co. with the Aetna Fire Brick Co. on right in 1947. 

Mark Howell collection

Former Jones-Morgan Hardware on Main Street

photo by Tyrone Hemry 3 February 2016

Oak Hill boy 9 Dec 1916 Chillicothe-News Advertiser

D. D. Davis Residence

photo by Tyrone Hemry 13 July 2016

J. D. Jenkins Hardware and Furniture Store Wareroom, Oak Hill

Chely Williams collection

Oak Hill Main street looking east

The old Marathon gas station beside the B & O railroad tracks 

Notice the traffic light with only Red and Green lights

Mark Howell collection

Oak Hill, Ohio large house

photo by Tyrone Hemry 13 July 2016

View of Oak Hill, Ohio from Thomas Hill

Davis Bros. Livery 1915 Oak Hill

Chely Williams collection

Last passenger train through Oak Hill January 15, 1950